ORIE Colloquium: Alexandre d'Aspremont, May 4, 2021
From Henry Lam
The Shapley Folkman theorem acts a central limit theorem for convexity: It shows that Minkowski sums of arbitrary bounded sets are increasingly close to their convex hull as the number of terms in the sum increases. This produces simple and explicit approximation bounds on a broad class of combinatorial optimization problems. We use these results to show that several classical sparsity constrained optimization problems in e.g. feature selection have low duality gaps in meaningful data settings.
Dr. Alexandre d’Aspremont received dual PhDs from Ecole Polytechnique and Stanford University in optimisation and finance, followed by a postdoc at U.C. Berkeley, Alexandre d'Aspremont joined the faculty at Princeton University as an assistant then associate professor with joint appointments at the ORFE department and the Bendheim Center for Finance. He returned to Europe in 2011 thanks to a grant from the European Research Council and is now directeur de recherche at CNRS, and professor at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. He received the SIAM Optimization prize for 2004-2007, a NSF CAREER award, and an ERC starting grant. His research focuses on convex optimization and applications to machine learning, statistics and finance.